Explore a selection of works produced by faculty in the College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science at Michigan Technological University.

On November 20, 2019 the School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science became the College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science.

Follow

Works from 2021

Link

Lignin-propiconazole nanocapsules are an effective bio-based wood preservative, Raisa Carmen Andeme Ela, Sarvada Chipkar, Tara Bal, Xinfeng Xie, and Rebecca Ong

PDF

EARLY BUD-BREAK 1 and EARLY BUD-BREAK 3 control resumption of poplar growth after winter dormancy, Abdul Azeez, Yiru Chen Zhao, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Yordan S. Yordanov, Madhumita Dash, Pal Miskolczi, Katja Stojkovic, Steven H. Strauss, Rishikesh P. Bhalerao, and Victor Busov

Link

A perspective on the role of uncertainty in sustainability science and engineering, U. Diwekar, A. Amekudzi-Kennedy, B. Bakshi, R. Baumgartner, R. Boumans, P. Burger, H. Cabezas, M. Egler, J. Farley, B. Fath, T. Gleason, Y. Huang, A. Karunanithi, V. Khanna, A. Mangan, A. L. Mayer, R. Mukherjee, G. Mullally, V. Rico-Ramirez, D. Shonnard, M. Svanström, and T. Theis

Link

Integrative effects of increasing aridity and biotic cover on soil attributes and functioning in coastal dune ecosystems, María José Fernández-Alonso, Alexandra Rodríguez, Laura García-Velázquez, Everaldo Dos Santos, Lucianade Almeida, and Angela Lafuente

PDF

Bird communities in African cocoa agroforestry are diverse but lack specialized insectivores, Crinan Jarrett, Thomas B. Smith, Tabe T.R. Claire, Diogo F. Ferreira, Melanie Tchoumbou, Malange N.F. Elikwo, Jared D. Wolfe, Kristin Brzeski, Andreanna J. Welch, Rachid Hanna, and Luke L. Powell

PDF

Consequences of Increased Variation in Peatland Hydrology for Carbon Storage: Legacy Effects of Drought and Flood in a Boreal Fen Ecosystem, Evan Kane, Catherine M. Dieleman, Danielle L. Rupp, and Kevin H. Wyatt

PDF

Thinking big and thinking small: A conceptual framework for best practices in community and stakeholder engagement in food, energy, and water systems, Andrew Kliskey, Paula Williams, David L. Griffith, Virginia H. Dale, Chelsea Schelly, Anna Maria Marshall, Valoree Gagnon, Weston M. Eaton, and Kristin Floress

Link

Harvested opening size affects cohort development and failures in a second-growth northern hardwood forest, Sam Knapp, Christel C. Kern, and Christopher R. Webster

PDF

Birds and bioenergy within the americas: A cross‐national, social–ecological study of ecosystem service tradeoffs, Jessie L. Knowlton, Kathleen E. Halvorsen, David J. Flaspohler, Christopher R. Webster, Jesse Abrams, Sara M. Almeida, Stefan L. Arriaga‐weiss, Brad Barnett, Maíra R. Cardoso, Pablo V. Cerqueira, Diana Córdoba, Marcos Persio Dantas‐santos, Jennifer L. Dunn, Amarella Eastmond, Gina M. Jarvi, Julian A. Licata, Ena Mata‐zayas, Rodrigo Medeiros, M. Azahara Mesa‐Jurado, Lízbeth Yamily Moo‐culebro, Cassandra Moseley, Erik Nielsen, Colin Phifer, Erin Pischke, Chelsea Schelly, Theresa Selfa, Chelsea A. Silva, Tatiana Souza, and Sam R. Sweitz

Link

Comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of vegetative growth advantage in allotriploid Populus, Jiang Li, Yi Wang, Hairong Wei, and Xiangyang Kang

Link

Change detection using deep learning approach with object-based image analysis, Tao Liu, Lexie Yang, and Dalton Lunga

Link

Climate-driven acceleration of glacier mass loss on global and regional scales during 1961–2016, Yaojun Li, Yongjian Ding, Donghui Shangguan, Fengjing Liu, and Qiudong Zhao

Link

Unveiling the quasi-public-private partnership (QPPP): evidence from China’s environmental service sector, Hongmei Lu, Audrey L. Mayer, Shan Zhou, and Adam Wellstead

Link

Integrated experimental and numerical study on flexural properties of cross laminated timber made of low-value sugar maple lumber, Yunxiang Ma, Munkaila Musah, Ruizhe Si, and Qingli Dai

Link

Only sun-lit leaves of the uppermost canopy exceed both air temperature and photosynthetic thermal optima in a wet tropical forest, Benjamin D. Miller, Kelsey R. Carter, Sasha C. Reed, Tana E. Wood, and Molly A. Cavaleri

Link

Sidewalk extraction using aerial and street view images, Huan Ning, Xinyue Ye, Zhihui Chen, Tao Liu, and Tianzhi Cao

Link

Migratory bird community structure in oil palm (Elaies guineensis) plantations and native forest fragments in southern Mexico, Samuel L. Oliveira, David J. Flaspohler, Jessie L. Knowlton, Christopher R. Webster, and Jared D. Wolfe

Link

Cloning, expression and characterization of P1 and NIa proteases from banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV), Atul B. Patil, Vijayendra S. Dalvi, Abdul Azeez, Bal Krishna, Akhilesh A. Mishra, and Prafullachandra V. Sane

PDF

Finding purpose in the conservation of biodiversity by the commingling of science and ethics, John A. Vucetich, Ewan A. Macdonald, Dawn Burnham, Jeremy T. Bruskotter, Dominic D.P. Johnson, and David W. Macdonald

PDF

Growth-regulating factor 5 (GRF5)-mediated gene regulatory network promotes leaf growth and expansion in poplar, Wenqi Wu, Jiang Li, Qiao Wang, Kaiwen Lv, Kang Du, and Hairong Wei

Works from 2020

Link

Habitat ecology of Nearctic–Neotropical migratory landbirds on the nonbreeding grounds, Steven Albert, Jared D. Wolfe, Jherime Kellerman, Thomas Sherry, Bridget J. M. Stutchbury, Nicholas J. Bayly, and Angelina Ruiz-Sánchez

PDF

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated single and biallelic knockout of poplar STERILE APETALA (PopSAP) leads to complete reproductive sterility, Abdul Azeez and Victor Busov

Link

Altered climate leads to positive density-dependent feedbacks in a tropical wet forest, Benedicte Bachelot, Aura M Alonso-Rodríguez, Laura Aldrich-Wolfe, Molly A. Cavaleri, Sasha C Reed, and Tana E Wood

Link

Decay of birdseye sugar maple (acer saccharum) and curly red maple (acer rubrum) figured woods, Tara Lee Bal, Katherine Elizabeth Schneider, and Dana Richter

PDF

Enrollment Decision-Making by Students in Forestry and Related Natural Resource Degree Programmes Globally, T. L. Bal, M. D. Rouleau, T. L. Sharik, and A. M. Wellstead

PDF

Multiple FGF4 retrocopies recently derived within canids, Kevin Batcher, Peter Dickinson, Kimberly Maciejczyk, Kristin Brzeski, Sheida Hadji Rasouliha, Anna Letko, Cord Drögemüller, Tosso Leeb, and Danika Bannasch

Link

The energy crises revealed by COVID: Intersections of Indigeneity, inequity, and health, Kathleen Brosemer, Chelsea Schelly, Valoree Gagnon, Kristin L. Arola, Joshua M. Pearce, Douglas Bessette, and Laura Schmitt Olabisi

Link

Cold-blooded forests in a warming world, Molly A. Cavaleri

PDF

Spatio-temporal dynamics of landscape use by the bumblebee Bombus pauloensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and its relationship with pollen provisioning, Pablo Cavigliasso, Colin Phifer, Erika M. Adams, David J. Flaspohler, Gerardo P. Gennari, Julian A. Licata, and Natacha P. Chacoff

Link

Development of improved and comprehensive growth and yield models for genetically improved stands, Cheng Deng, Robert E. Froese, Shougong Zhang, Yuanchang Lu, Xiaojun Xu, and Qingfen Li

Link

Thinning effects on forest evolution in Masson pine (Pinus massoniana Lamb.) conversion from pure plantations into mixed forests, Cheng Deng, Shougong Zhang, Yuanchang Lu, Robert E. Froese, Xiaojun Xu, Ji Zeng, Angang Ming, Xianzhao Liu, Yangsheng Xie, and Qingfen Li

Link

Advancements in thermochemical modification of wood for bioenergy and biomaterial applications, David B. DeVallance, Xinfeng Xie, Tianmiao Wang, and Jingxin Wang

PDF

Vegetative and edaphic responses in a Northern mixed conifer forest three decades after harvest and fire: Implications for managing regeneration and carbon and nitrogen pools, R. Kasten Dumroese, Martin Jurgensen, and Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Link

Correlates of bird collisions with buildings across three North American countries, Jared A. Elmore, Stephen B. Hager, Bradley J. Cosentino, Timothy J. O'Connell, Corey S. Riding, Michelle L. Anderson, Amber M. Roth, and et. al.

Link

Dim and Dmoc Protecting Groups for Oligodeoxynucleotide Synthesis, Shiyue Fang, Dhananjani Eriyagama, Yinan Yuan, Shahien Shahsavari, Jinsen Chen, Xi Lin, and Bhaskar Halami

Link

First record of a piebald Bates’s Slit-faced Bat, Nycteris arge (Chiroptera: Nycteridae) from Equatorial Guinea, Central Africa, Diogo F. Ferreira, Laura Torrent, Andreanna J. Welch, Jared D. Wolfe, Kristin Brzeski, and Luke L. Powell

Link

Effects of breeding and molt activity on songbird site fidelity, Luiza Figueira, Pedro Martins, C. John Ralph, Jamie L. Stephens, John D. Alexander, and Jared D. Wolfe

Link

Applied behavior analysis as a development tool: Examples from agroforestry, Sonia Goltz, Audrey L. Mayer, and Blair D. Orr

Link

Monterey pine forest made a remarkable recovery from pitch canker, Thomas R. Gordon, Gregory J. Reynolds, Sharon C. Kirkpatrick, Andrew J. Storer, David L. Wood, Daniel M. Fernandez, and Brice A. McPherson

Link

Hydrometeorological sensitivities of net ecosystem carbon dioxide and methane exchange of an Amazonian palm swamp peatland, T. J. Griffis, D. T. Roman, J. D. Wood, J. Deventer, L. Fachin, J. Rengifo, D. Del Castillo, E. Lilleskov, R. Kolka, R. A. Chimner, J. del Aguila-Pasquel, C. Wayson, K. Hergoualc'h, J. M. Baker, H. Cadillo-Quiroz, and D. M. Ricciuto

Link

A Genome-wide perspective on the persistence of red wolf ancestry in southeastern canids., Elizabeth Heppenheimer, Kristin Brzeski, Joseph W Hinton, Michael J Chamberlain, Jacqueline Robinson, Robert K Wayne, and Bridgett M vonHoldt

PDF

Taxonomic similarity does not predict necessary sample size for ex situ conservation: A comparison among five genera, Sean Hoban, Taylor Callicrate, John Clark, Susan Deans, Michael Dosmann, Priyanka Dipak Kadav, and et al.

Link

Preparation and Properties of Zn-Cu Alloy for Potential Stent Material, Jiajun Huang, Yonglai Lai, Hualan Jin, Hongmin Guo, Fanrong Ai, Qi Xing, Xiangjie Yang, and David J. Ross

PDF

High-purity recycling of hematite and Zn/Cu mixture from waste smelting slag, Yang Huo, Xiang Song, Suiyi Zhu, Yu Chen, Xue Lin, Yaqiong Wu, Zhan Qu, Ting Su, and Xinfeng Xie

Link

Seedling and sapling recruitment following novel silvicultural treatments in Great Lakes northern hardwoods, Stefan Hupperts, Christopher R. Webster, Robert E. Froese, and Yvette L. Dickinson

Link

Increasing ground-layer plant taxonomic diversity masks declining phylogenetic diversity along a silvicultural disturbance gradient, Stefan Hupperts, Christopher R. Webster, Robert Froese, Erik A. Lilleskov, Amy Marcarelli, and Yvette L. Dickinson

Link

“Sad and Dismal is the Story”: Memory, Preservation, and the Folk Music Tradition of Great Lakes Shipwrecks, Misty M. Jackson and Kenneth J. Vrana

Link

Root respiration and biomass responses to experimental soil warming vary with root diameter and soil depth, Mickey P. Jarvi and Andrew J Burton

PDF

Tropical understory herbaceous community responds more strongly to hurricane disturbance than to experimental warming, Deborah K. Kennard, David Matlaga, Joanne Sharpe, Clay King, Aura M. Alonso-Rodríguez, Sasha C. Reed, Molly A. Cavaleri, and Tana E. Wood

PDF

Predicting effects of climate change on productivity and persistence of forest trees, Russell D. Kramer, H. Roaki Ishii, Kelsey R. Carter, Yuko Miyazaki, Molly A. Cavaleri, Masatake G. Araki, Wakana A. Azuma, Yuta Inoue, and Chinatsu Hara

Link

Industrial oil plant: Application principles and green technologies, Changzhu Li, Zhihong Xiao, Liangnian He, Martino Di Serio, and Xinfeng Xie

PDF

Comparative proteomic analysis of leaves at different ages in allotriploid populus, Jiang Li, Yi Wang, Hairong Wei, and Xiangyang Kang

Link

Determining hydrologic pathways of streamflow using geochemical tracers in a claypan watershed, Fengjing Liu, Robert N. Lerch, John Yang, and Greg Peters

Link

Oil-Based materials and products, Qiang Liu, Xinfeng Xie, and Changzu Li

Link

A new integrated framework to estimate the climate change impacts of biomass utilization for biofuel in life cycle assessment, Weiguo Liu, Junming Xu, Xinfeng Xie, Yan Yan, Xiaolu Zhou, and Changhui Peng

PDF

High-quality de novo assembly of the Eucommia ulmoides haploid genome provides new insights into evolution and rubber biosynthesis, Yun Li, Hairong Wei, Jun Yang, Kang Du, Jiang Li, Ying Zhang, Tong Qiu, Zhao Liu, Yongyu Ren, Lianjun Song, and Xiangyang Kang

Link

Tropical forest fragmentation and isolation: Is community decay a random process?, David A. Luther, W. Justin Cooper, Jared D. Wolfe, Richard O. Bierregaard, Andrew Gonzalez, and Thomas E. Lovejoy

Overexpression of an AP2/ERF family gene, BpERF13, in birch enhances cold tolerance through upregulating CBF genes and mitigating reactive oxygen species, Kaiwen Lv, Jiang Li, Kai Zhao, Su Chen, Jeff Nie, Wenli Zhang, Guifeng Liu, and Hairong Wei

Link

Overexpression of an AP2/ERF family gene, BpERF13, in birch enhances cold tolerance through upregulating CBF genes and mitigating reactive oxygen species., Kaiwen Lv, Jiang Li, Kai Zhao, Su Chen, Jeff Nie, Wenli Zhang, Guifeng Liu, and Hairong Wei

PDF

Overexpression of BplERD15 enhances drought tolerance in Betula platyphylla Suk, Kaiwen Lv, Hairong Wei, and Jing Jiang

PDF

Insights on dissolved organic matter production revealed by removal of charge-transfer interactions in senescent leaf leachates, Karl M. Meingast, Brice K. Grunert, Sarah A. Green, Evan S. Kane, and Nastaran Khademimoshgenani

PDF

Climate, snowmelt dynamics and atmospheric deposition interact to control dissolved organic carbon export from a northern forest stream over 26 years, Karl M. Meingast, Evan Kane, Ashley A. Coble, Amy Marcarelli, and David Toczydlowski

PDF

Conceptual planning of urban–rural green space from a multidimensional perspective: A case study of Zhengzhou, China, Bo Mu, Chang Liu, Guohang Tian, Yaqiong Xu, Yali Zhang, Audrey L. Mayer, and et al.

PDF

Trends in protected area representation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in five tropical countries, Rachel A. Neugarten, Kevin Moull, Natalia Acero Martinez, Luciano Andriamaro, Curtis Bernard, Leonardo Saenz, and et al.

PDF

What is an endangered species?: judgments about acceptable risk, Thomas Offer-Westort, Adam Feltz, Jeremy T. Bruskotter, and John A. Vucetich

Link

Factors affecting connectivity and sediment yields following wildfire and post-fire salvage logging in California's Sierra Nevada, Will Olsen, Joseph W. Wagenbrenner, and Peter R. Robichaud

Link

Territoriality drives preemptive habitat selection in recovering wolves: Implications for carnivore conservation, Shawn O'Neil, John A. Vucetich, Dean E Beyer, Sarah Hoy, and Joseph K Bump

PDF

A phylogenomic approach reveals a low somatic mutation rate in a long-lived plant., Adam J Orr, Amanda Padovan, David Kainer, Carsten Kulheim, Lindell Bromham, Carlos Bustos-Segura, William Foley, Tonya Haff, Ji-Fan Hsieh, Alejandro Morales-Suarez, Reed A Cartwright, and Robert Lanfear

Link

Development of novel quercus rubra chloroplast genome caps markers for haplotype identification, Tim Pettenkofer, Reiner Finkeldey, Markus Müller, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Barbara Vornam, Ludger Leinemann, and Oliver Gailing

PDF

Genetic variation of introduced red oak (Quercus rubra) stands in Germany compared to North American populations, Tim Pettenkofer, Reiner Finkeldey, Markus Müller, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Barbara Vornam, Ludger Leinemann, and Oliver Gailing

PDF

Genetic variation of introduced red oak (Quercus rubra) stands in Germany compared to North American populations, Tim Pettenkofer, Reiner Finkeldey, Markus Müller, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Barbara Vornam, Ludger Leinemann, and Oliver Gailing

Link

The effect of water table levels and short-term ditch restoration on mountain peatland carbon cycling in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, A. M. Planas-Clarke, R. A. Chimner, J. A. Hribljan, E. A. Lilleskov, and B. Fuentealba

Link

Soil biogeochemical responses of a tropical forest to warming and hurricane disturbance, Sasha C. Reed, Robin Reibold, Molly A. Cavaleri, Aura M. Alonso-Rodríguez, Megan E. Berberich, and Tana E. Wood

Link

Energy policy for energy sovereignty: Can policy tools enhance energy sovereignty?, Chelsea Schelly, Douglas Bessette, Kathleen Brosemer, Valoree Gagnon, Kristin L. Arola, Andrew Fiss, Joshua M. Pearce, and Kathleen E. Halvorsen

Link

Education as a driver of change in U.S. forests and the forest sector, Terry Sharik, Andrew J. Storer, Tara Bal, and Dalia Abbas

PDF

Hydrological effects of urban green space on stormwater runoff reduction in Luohe, China, Peihao Song, Jianhui Guo, Enkai Xu, Audrey L. Mayer, Chang Liu, Jing Huang, Guohang Tian, and Gunwoo Kim

PDF

Assessing the ecosystem services of various types of urban green spaces based on i-Tree eco, Peihao Song, Gunwoo Kim, Audrey L. Mayer, Ruizhen He, and Guohang Tian

Link

Long-term change in the avifauna of undisturbed Amazonian rainforest: ground-foraging birds disappear and the baseline shifts, Philip C. Stouffer, Vitek Jirinec, Cameron L. Rutt, Richard O. Bierregaard, Angélica Hernández-Palma, Erik I. Johnson, Stephen R. Midway, Luke L. Powell, Jared D. Wolfe, and Thomas E. Lovejoy

Link

Effective recycling of Co and Sr from Co/Sr-bearing wastewater via an integrated Fe coagulation and hematite precipitation approach, Ting Su, Zhijie Han, Zhan Qu, Yu Chen, Xue Lin, Suiyi Zhu, Rui Bian, and Xinfeng Xie

PDF

Evolution of breeding plumages in birds: A multiple-step pathway to seasonal dichromatism in New World warblers (Aves: Parulidae), Ryan S. Terrill, Glenn F. Seeholzer, and Jared D. Wolfe

PDF

Wetland and Hydric Soils, Carl C. Trettin, Randall K. Kolka, Anne S. Marsh, Sheel Bansal, Erik A. Lilleskov, Rodney Chimner, and et al.

Link

What drives declining support for long-term ecological research?, John A. Vucetich, Michael Paul Nelson, and Jeremy T. Bruskotter

Link

Fuel availability not fire weather controls boreal wildfire severity and carbon emissions, X. J. Walker, B. M. Rogers, S. Veraverbeke, J. F. Johnstone, J. L. Baltzer, K. Barrett, Laura Bourgeau-Chavez, Liza K. Jenkins, E. S. Kane, and et. al.

Link

Wood-colonizing fungal community response to forest restoration thinnings in a Pinus tabuliformis plantation in northern China, Weiwei Wang, Daniel L. Lindner, Michelle A. Jusino, Deborah Page-Dumroese, Jonathan M. Palmer, Mark T. Banik, Martin Jurgensen, Kymberly Draeger, and Yong Liu

Link

PuHox52-mediated hierarchical multilayered gene regulatory network promotes adventitious root formation in Populus ussuriensis, Ming Wei, Quangang Liu, Zhanchao Wang, Jingli Yang, Wenlong Li, Yingxi Chen, Han Lu, Jinfu Nie, Jenneifer Sanders, Hairong Wei, and et al.

PDF

Integrating wildlife conservation into ecosystem service payments and carbon offsets: A case study from Costa Rica, Jared D. Wolfe and Pablo Elizondo

PDF

Effects of a regenerating matrix on the survival of birds in tropical forest fragments, Jared D. Wolfe; Philip C. Stouffer; Richard O. Bierregaard Jr.; David A, Luther; and Thomas E. Lovejoy

Link

Valorization of Bamboo Biomass by Selective Liquefaction Reaction for the Production of Sugar and Phenolic Platform Chemicals, Junming Xu, Qiaolong Zhai, Xinfeng Xie, Jianchun Jiang, and Todd F. Shupe

PDF

Comparing human activity density and green space supply using the Baidu Heat Map in Zhengzhou, China, Shumei Zhang, Wenshi Zhang, Ying Wang, Xiaoyu Zhao, Peihao Song, Guohang Tian, and Audrey L. Mayer

Link

Upcycling of groundwater treatment sludge to an erdite nanorod as a highly effienct activation agent of peroxymonosulfate for wastewater treatment., Suiyi Zhu, Xiang Song, Yu Chen, Ge Dong, Tong Sun, Hongbin Yu, Yang Yu, Xinfeng Xie, and Mingxin Huo

Works from 2019

Link

US family forest management coupling natural and human systems: Role of markets and public policy instruments, Francisco Aguilar and Matt Kelly

Link

Total economic value, ecosystem services and the role of public policy instruments in the creation and destruction of forest values, Francisco Aguilar, Matthew Kelly, and Brian Danley

Link

Spatiotemporal Dimensions of Water Stress Accounting: Incorporating Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions and Ecological Thresholds., Sara Alian, Alex Mayer, Ann Maclean, David Watkins, and Ali Mirchi

PDF

Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation has similar benefits to fertilization for Thuja occidentalis L. seedling nutrition and growth on peat soil over a range of pH: implications for restoration, Guswarni Anwar, Erik A. Lilleskov, and Rodney Chimner

Link

Nondestructive evaluation of tensile properties of structural lumber from the spruce-pine-fir species grouping: phase 1 evaluation of modulus of elasticity, Nusret As, Robert Ross, Xiping Wang, and Christopher Adam Senalik

Link

Image content analysis of US natural resources-related professional society websites with respect to gender and racial/ethnic diversity, Tara L. Bal and Terry Sharik

Link

Web content analysis of university forestry and related natural resources landing webpages in the United States in relation to student and faculty diversity, Tara L. Bal and Terry Sharik

Link

Understanding farmers’ perceptions and the effects of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) tree distribution in agroforestry parklands of Upper West Region, Ghana, Fahimeh Baziari, Kari B. Henquinet, and Molly A. Cavaleri

Link

Genome-wide association studies of bark texture in Populus trichocarpa, Roba Bdeir, Wellington Muchero, Yordan Yordanov, Gerald A. Tuskan, Victor B. Busov, and Oliver Gailing

Link

Correction to: Genome-wide association studies of bark texture in Populus trichocarpa, Roba Bdeir, Wellington Muchero, Yordan Yordanov, Gerald Tuskan, Victor Busov, Jin Zhang, and Oliver Gailing