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Date of Award

2018

Document Type

Campus Access Master's Report

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MS)

Administrative Home Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics

Advisor 1

Jeffrey Naber

Advisor 2

Mahdi Shahbakhti

Committee Member 1

Gordon McTaggart-Cowan

Committee Member 2

Brian J. Eggart

DOI

10.37099/mtu.edu/dc.etdr/713

Abstract

Dual fuel engine operation with premixed natural gas as the main fuel and diesel pilot ignition has been gaining interest among research and industry as natural gas is among the most promising existing alternative fuels. The dual fuel engine performance has been shown to equal and sometimes, depending on operating conditions, better the performance and efficiency of the diesel engine. Along with its advantages on the combustion high efficiency, diesel-like performance, and emissions of NOx and particulate matter reduction, some disadvantages are brought by the application of such operation. At light load conditions, there is an increase in CO and HC emissions, low fuel efficiency and combustion stability. While operating at higher loads, the dual fuel engine performance showed to be limited by combustion knock. This effectively reduces the maximum break mean effective pressure (BMEP) the engine can output when compared to a diesel engine. Although combustion knock is well defined in SI and diesel engines, dual fuel knock characterization still needs more investigation. This project centers on developing a fuel system for a diesel engine conversion to dual fuel to deliver high load and high efficiency. The selected engine has been converted to the dual fuel operation and dual fuel combustion has been demonstrated. After achieving the project goal of a high load and high efficiency dual fuel engine, the combustion knock in dual fuel operation will be characterized and a method for detection and intensity calculation will be modeled. The characterization will also be compared to spark ignition (SI) and reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) operating engines.

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