In Situ Growth of CuBi2O4/Bi2O3 Z-Scheme Heterostructures for Bifunctional Photocatalytic Applications

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In this study, we present an in situ solvothermal approach for synthesizing a highly efficient bifunctional CuBi2O4/Bi2O3 composite catalyst for applications in H2 production and the removal of organic pollutants. Various characterization techniques, including XRD, UV-vis DRS, SEM, TEM, and EIS, were used to characterize the prepared catalyst. Density functional theory calculations confirmed a Z-scheme mechanism, revealing the charge transfer mechanism from the Bi2O3 surface to the CuBi2O4 surface. The composite exhibited a photocurrent of 2.83 × 104 A/cm2 and a hydrogen production rate of 526 μmolg-1h-1 under natural sunlight. Moreover, the catalyst demonstrated efficient degradation of RhB up to 58% in 120 min under 50 W LED illumination. Additionally, multiple recycling tests confirmed its high stability and recyclability, making it a promising candidate for various applications in the field of photocatalysis.

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