Energy Storage Requirements for a Lunar DC Micro-Grid System

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Conference Proceeding

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Artemis program seeks to establish the first long-term presence on the Moon as part of a larger goal of sending the first astronauts to Mars. To accomplish this, the Artemis program is designed to develop, test, and demonstrate many technologies needed for deep space exploration and supporting life on another planet. Long-term operations on the lunar base include habitation, science, logistics, and in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). In this paper, a Lunar DC microgrid (LDCMG) structure is the backbone of the energy distribution, storage, and utilization infrastructure. The method to analyze the LDCMG power distribution network and ESS design is the Hamiltonian surface shaping and power flow control (HSSPFC). This ISRU system will include a networked three-microgrid system which includes a Photo-voltaic (PV) array (generation) on one sub-microgrid and water extraction (loads) on the other two microgrids. A system's reduced-order model (ROM) will be used to create a closed-form analytical model. Ideal ESS devices will be placed alongside each state of the ROM. The ideal ESS devices determine the response needed to conform to a specific operating scenario and system specifications.

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