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Department of Social Sciences


Rural food insecurity is understudied, although many rural-specific characteristics influence rural food security. We used a mixed-mode survey to investigate how economic conditions, food support measures, and geospatial patterns impact rural residents' food insecurity in the six-county region of Michigan's Western Upper Peninsula. Three nested ordinal logistic regressions identify that household income and costs significantly influence rural food insecurity probability. Lack of time is also a key factor in increasing food insecurity probability. The ability to drive oneself to access food offsets the negative impacts of living a far distance from retail food locations; yet, transportation remains a barrier to food access in the region's harsh winters. About 38% of eligible respondents use food assistance programs, yet their use does not improve food security probability. Engagement in informal foodways mitigates food insecurity to some degree.

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© 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Publisher’s version of record:

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Journal of Rural Studies

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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