cDNA clones for corn leaf NADH:Nitrate reductase and chloroplast NAD(P) < sup> + :Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: Characterization of the clones and analysis of the expression of the genes in leaves as influenced by nitrate in the light and dark

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© 1989 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved. cDNA clones were selected from a corn (Zea mays L.) leaf lambda gt11 expression library using polyclonal antibodies for corn leaf NADH:nitrate reductase. One clone, Zmnrl, had a 2.1 kilobase insert, which hybridized to a 3.2 kilobase mRNA. The deduced amino acid sequence of Zmnrl was nearly identical to peptide sequences of corn leaf NADH:nitrate reductase. Another clone, Zm6, had an insert of 1.4 kilobase, which hybridized to a 1.4 kilobase mRNA, and its sequence coded for chloroplastic NAD(P)+:glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase based on comparisons to sequences of this enzyme from tobacco and corn. When nitrate was supplied to N-starved, etiolated corn plants, nitrate reductase, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA levels in leaves increased in parallel. When green leaves were treated with nitrate, only nitrate reductase mRNA levels were increased. Nitrate is a specific inducer of nitrate reductase in green leaves, but appears to have a more general effect in etiolated leaves. In the dark, nitrate induced nitrate reductase expression in both etiolated and green leaves, indicating light and functional chloroplast were not required for enzyme expression.

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Plant Physiology