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Date of Award

2019

Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Physics (PhD)

Administrative Home Department

Department of Physics

Advisor 1

Jae Yong Suh

Advisor 2

Yoke Khin Yap

Committee Member 1

Miguel Levy

Committee Member 2

Chito Kendrick

DOI

10.37099/mtu.dc.etdr/945

Abstract

The complementary optical properties of metal and semiconductor materials make them attractive for many applications that require the electromagnetic fields down to the nanoscale. The electronic, optical and mechanical properties of metal and semiconductor nanostructures could be controlled by the size, shape and local dielectric environment. In this dissertation, I focus on the study of the light-matter interactions in plasmonic nanostructures, two-dimensional (2D) materials, as well as their hybrid nanostructures.

In the plasmonic nanostructures, square and hexagonal Au hollow nanodome film arrays were fabricated by means of anodized alumina oxide (AAO) templates. Both the nanostructures can support surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) of strong air-Au and weak Au-glass modes in the light dispersions. The periodic geometries of the nanostructures could control the mode crossings of distinct SPPs. Decreasing the cross-sectional heights of the continuous and hierarchical hexagonal hollow nanodome arrays leads to significant linewidth narrowing of SPPs by reducing scattering loss. To achieve a longer propagation length of SPPs in the plasmonic nanostructures, plus taking the variation in intensity of SPPs into account, the optimized surface modulation depth can be found.

The light-matter interactions of 2D materials were explored through the measurements of the nonlinear optical properties of the vertical and planar spiral MoS2 nanosheets. The vertical and planar spiral MoS2 were grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The growth mechanism of these nanostructures was also investigated. Both the nanostructures have a polytype 3R stacking with broken inversion symmetry leading to strong second and third harmonic generations.

Plasmon-exciton coupling and Fano resonances in hybrid nanostructures of plasmonic nanostructures with 2D materials were investigated. The spectral positions of surface plasmon resonances could be tuned by periodicity of Au nanorod arrays. Excitons with large binding energy are from the monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). From the hybrid nanostructures of Au nanorod array with monolayer WS2,the in-plain dipole moment of bright exciton in TMDCs allows only narrow spectral range of the plasmon-exciton coupling in the resonant scattering measurements. In hybrid nanostructures of Au nanorod arrays with hetero-bilayer WS2/WSe2, two Fano resonances in a reflection spectrum are observed due to the interference between the excitons of bilayer WS2-WSe2 and the plasmon continuum. Incident light polarization along the different axes of Au nanorod can tune the Fano resonance parameters.

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