Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics (PhD)

Administrative Home Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics

Advisor 1

Seong-Young Lee

Committee Member 1

Jeffrey D. Naber

Committee Member 2

Sibendu Som

Committee Member 3

Chol-Bum Kweon


The aim of the PhD work is to investigate the fundamental differences in combustion behavior when split injections are used in low temperature combustion regime. In this thesis, the first injection is also called as pilot injection and second injection is also called as main injection. The broad aspects which are studied encompassing the investigation is to study the ignition delay, lift-off and soot formation of such a double split spray combustion. The mechanisms of ignition, lift-off and soot production are to be studied since the main ignition and lift-off were found to differ from the pilot which effect net soot production. The planned studies in the present work are divided into 1) experimental and 2) numerical approaches. Experimental approach involves high-speed schlieren and luminosity imaging to visualize the spray/flame progress and qualitative soot formation respectively. This is often coupled in a simultaneous way to the laser-based planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) technique to visualize ignition behavior in terms of formaldehyde presence and soot precursor visualization of poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). As part of CFD simulations, thorough validations of the fuel liquid length, vapor (mixture) presence, temporal and spatial species (formaldehyde, soot) presence, ignition delay, lift-off length, and heat release rate are performed. The main objective of the proposal work would be to perform experimental research with split injection strategies, simulate them using CFD and then understand the underlying mechanisms of important processes of ignition, lift off mechanisms in subsequent injections and the associated soot production mechanisms.