Date of Award
Open Access Master's Thesis
Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MS)
Administrative Home Department
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
The world has yet to realize universal access to water and sanitation. Various academic and professional fields provide frameworks for understanding water and sanitation access, but none directly consider the impact of community connectivity. Community connectivity refers to the infrastructures linking rural communities with urban centers. These infrastructures fall under the broad categories of transportation, energy, and telecommunication. This paper examines 23 rural Panamanian communities and compares connectivity measures with the functionality of the communities’ rural water and sanitation systems (RWSS). Community connectivity was evaluated with the Community Connectivity Analysis Tool (CCAT), while the water and sanitation systems were evaluated with the Sistema de Información Sobre Agua y Saneamiento Rural (Rural Water and Sanitation Information System, SIASAR). Statistical analysis revealed that commutes with more time spent in automobiles and on foot were linked with lower water system functionality. Infrastructure projects can have many goals from expanding markets to increasing access to education. By understanding what kinds of infrastructure make the biggest impact on RWSS, state and local governments can make wiser investments to better serve rural populations.
Moritz, M.C., "The Effect of Community Connectivity on Water and Sanitation Systems in Rural Panama", Open Access Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2016.