Date of Award
Open Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science (PhD)
Administrative Home Department
Department of Computer Science
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Committee Member 3
The emergence of new non-volatile memory (NVM) technology and deep neural network (DNN) inferences bring challenges related to off-chip memory access. Ensuring crash consistency leads to additional memory operations and exposes memory update operations on the critical execution path. DNN inference execution on some accelerators suffers from intensive off-chip memory access. The focus of this dissertation is to tackle the issues related to off-chip memory in these high performance computing systems.
The logging operations, required by the crash consistency, impose a significant performance overhead due to the extra memory access. To mitigate the persistence time of log requests, we introduce a load-aware log entry allocation scheme that allocates log requests to the address whose bank has the lightest workload. To address the problem of intra-record ordering, we propose to buffer log metadata in a non-volatile ADR buffer until the corresponding log can be removed. Moreover, the recently proposed LAD introduced unnecessary logging operations on multicore CPU. To reduce these unnecessary operations, we have devised two-stage transaction execution and virtual ADR buffers.
To tackle the challenge of low response time and high computational intensity associated with DNN inferences, these computations are often executed on customized accelerators. However, data loading from off-chip memory typically takes longer than computing, thereby reducing performance in some scenarios, especially on edge devices. To address this issue, we propose an optimization of the widely adopted Weight Stationary dataflow to remove redundant accesses to IFMAP in off-chip memory by reordering the loops in the standard convolution operation. Furthermore, to enhance the off-chip memory throughput, we introduce the load-aware placement for data tiles on off-chip memory that reduces intra/inter contentions caused by concurrent accesses from multiple tiles and improves the off-chip memory device parallelism during access.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Lu, Zhiyuan, "MEMORY OPTIMIZATIONS FOR HIGH-THROUGHPUT COMPUTER SYSTEMS", Open Access Dissertation, Michigan Technological University, 2023.