CLIMATE CHANGES IN EL SALVADOR: IMPACTS OF ‘LA CANÍCULA’ (MIDSUMMER DROUGHT) ON AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AND DECISION-MAKING IN RURAL COMMUNITIES
Date of Award
Open Access Master's Thesis
Master of Science in Geology (MS)
Administrative Home Department
Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences
Luke J. Bowman
Committee Member 1
Kari B. Henquinet
Committee Member 2
John S. Gierke
The Central American Dry Corridor (CADC), a tropical, dry-forest region, is characterized by distinct rainy and dry seasons, which influence the local agricultural calendar and planting decisions in rural communities. La canícula is a period of decreased precipitation during the rainy season, which occurs during the corn-planting season in El Salvador. La canícula is expected to change in intensity and duration in the next decades, which would impact small-scale farmers and their livelihoods. Climate variability and uncertainty has led to crop loss, water scarcity, and food insecurity in rural communities dependent on subsistence farming. Farmers’ experiences with a changing climate led to reformed decision-making and agricultural processes (e.g., agricultural calendar, seed type usage, crop rotation) to optimize their harvest and adapt to a variable climate. Studying the local perception and adaptation practices provides a global value to understand natural hazard impacts on society and the local dynamics of how farmers identify their main challenges and improve local resilience to a changing climate.
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Rivera González, Paola M., "CLIMATE CHANGES IN EL SALVADOR: IMPACTS OF ‘LA CANÍCULA’ (MIDSUMMER DROUGHT) ON AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AND DECISION-MAKING IN RURAL COMMUNITIES", Open Access Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2023.