A FRET‐based near‐infrared fluorescent probe for ratiometric detection of cysteine in mitochondria

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We report a near‐infrared fluorescent probe A for the ratiometric detection of cysteine based on FRET from a coumarin donor to a near‐infrared rhodamine acceptor. Upon addition of cysteine, the coumarin fluorescence increased dramatically up to 18‐fold and the fluorescence of the rhodamine acceptor decreased moderately by 45 % under excitation of the coumarin unit. Probe A has been used to detect cysteine concentration changes in live cells ratiometrically and to visualize fluctuations in cysteine concentrations induced by oxidation stress through treatment with hydrogen peroxide or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Finally, probe A was successfully applied for the in vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster larvae to measure cysteine concentration changes.

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© 2019 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.201900071

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