Sorry, I’m Late; I’m not in the mood: Negative emotions lengthen driving time
A considerable amount of research has shown that anger degenerates driving performance [e.g., 1, 2, 3], but little research has empirically shown other affective effects on driving. To investigate angry and sad effects on driving, we conducted a driving simulation study with induced affective states. In cognitive psychology, there is the “sadder but wiser” phenomenon, but given that driving is a complex, dynamic task that engages not only basic cognitive processes, but also other critical elements such as decision making, action selection, and motor control, it might result in different outcomes. Thirty-two participants were induced into sad, angry, or neutral affective states and asked to complete a driving task using a medium fidelity driving simulator. Measures included driving performance, subjective mood ratings, and a NASA-TLX workload index. Results showed that participants in the angry and sad conditions took significantly more time to complete the driving task compared to the neutral condition.
Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics
Jeon, Myounghoon and Croschere, Jayde, "Sorry, I’m Late; I’m not in the mood: Negative emotions lengthen driving time" (2015). Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences Publications. 53.