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Dissociative adsorption has been widely simplified as part of the vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) growth model. We found that the addition of specific carrier gases can critically modify the growth rate and growth density of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). These results were explained by dissociative adsorption of C2H2 molecules and a solid-core VLS growth model. Based on these integrated mechanisms, vertically aligned MWNTs were grown with an initial growth rate as high as ∼800μm∕h. This efficient growth process results at temperature and C2H2 partial pressures at which the decomposition and segregation rates of carbon are balanced. Appropriate use of carrier gas is one of the factors that could facilitate efficient and continuous growth of carbon nanotubes in the future.

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© 2004 American Institute of Physics. Publisher’s version of record:

Publication Title

Applied Physics Letters


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Physics Commons



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