Document Type


Publication Date



Ammonia (NH3) gas was thought to be essential for the growth of vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (VA-MWCNTs) and led to the formation of bamboo-like structures. Here, we show that VA-MWCNTs with ideal tubular structures can be grown on substrates by various mixed gases with or without NH3 gas. The growth of these VA-MWCNTs is guided by a growth model that combined the dissociative adsorption of acetylene molecules (C2H2) and the successive vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. Results indicate that the key factor for growing these VA-MWCNTs is a balance between the decomposition rate of the C2H2 molecules on the iron catalyst and the subsequent diffusion and segregation rates of carbon.

Publisher's Statement

© 2005 American Institute of Physics. Publisher’s version of record:

Publication Title

Applied Physics Letters


Publisher's PDF

Included in

Physics Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.