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The question of monitoring the angle between the in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) channels of a coherent radar receiver is considered in this paper. Random interference-type scattering (e.g., rain echo) is assumed so that the received signal is a random phasor sum. It is also assumed that I and Q voltages have a (90 + ϕ0) phase difference. The effects of nonzero phase imbalance ϕ0 on the I and Q statistics are examined. Joint I and Q as well as amplitude and phase probability distributions are derived. It is shown that the cross-correlation coefficient at zero lag between I and Q time series is proportional to ϕ0, which provides a simple algorithm to detect the phase imbalance. This is verified by Monte Carlo simulations.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
A random wave method for detecting phase imbalance in a coherent radar receiver.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology,
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