A simple formula for monitoring quadrature phase error with arbitrary signals

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The authors consider the problem of monitoring quadrature receiver errors without using specifically designed test signals. A previously derived simple formula /spl rho/=-sin /spl phi/ where /spl rho/ is the cross-correlation coefficient at zero lag between the in-phase (i) and quadrature phase (q) components and /spl phi/ is the receiver phase imbalance, is generalized in several ways. The generalized version, while still simple, is surprisingly robust because it applies to a wide variety of random and deterministic signals. However, it provides an estimate of /spl phi/ in the case of known noise power or large SNR. The effects of the additive receiver noise are also included. The case of jointly Gaussian i and q distributions is examined further and the marginal pdf's of the amplitude and phase of the random signal in the presence of quadrature errors are derived.

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Copyright 1995 IEEE. Publisher’s version of record: https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/36.387597

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing