Simple dead-time corrections for discrete time series of non-Poisson data

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The problem of dead time (instrumental insensitivity to detectable events due to electronic or mechanical reset time) is considered. Most existing algorithms to correct for event count errors due to dead time implicitly rely on Poisson counting statistics of the underlying phenomena. However, when the events to be measured are clustered in time, the Poisson statistics assumption results in underestimating both the true event count and any statistics associated with count variability; the ‘busiest’ part of the signal is partially missed. Using the formalism associated with the pair-correlation function, we develop first-order correction expressions for the general case of arbitrary counting statistics. The results are verified through simulation of a realistic clustering scenario.

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© 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd. Publisher’s version of record: https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/20/9/095101

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Measurement Science and Technology