We present a new geometry for on-chip optical circulators based on waveguide arrays. The optical array is engineered to mimic the Fock space representation of a noninteracting two-site Bose–Hubbard Hamiltonian. By introducing a carefully tailored magnetooptic nonreciprocity to these structures, the array operates in the perfect transfer and surface Bloch oscillation modes in the forward and backward propagation directions, respectively. We show that an array made of ð2N þ 1Þ waveguide channels can function as N 4-port optical circulators with very large isolation ratios and low forward losses. Numerical analysis using beam propagation method indicates a large bandwidth of operation.
El-Ganainy, R., & Levy, M. (2014). On-Chip Multi 4-Port Optical Circulators. IEEE Photonics Journal, 6(1). http://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/physics-fp/2/