Effects of Clinical Mutations in the Second Coordination Sphere and Remote Regions on the Catalytic Mechanism of Non-Heme Fe(II)/2-Oxoglutarate-Dependent Aspartyl Hydroxylase AspH

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Aspartyl/asparaginyl hydroxylase (AspH) catalyzes the post-translational hydroxylations of vital human proteins, playing an essential role in maintaining their biological functions. Single-point mutations in the Second Coordination Sphere (SCS) and long-range (LR) residues of AspH have been linked to pathological conditions such as the ophthalmologic condition Traboulsi syndrome and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although the clinical impact of these mutations is established, there is a critical knowledge gap regarding their specific atomistic effects on the catalytic mechanism of AspH. In this study, we report integrated computational investigations on the potential mechanistic implications of four mutant forms of human AspH with clinical importance: R735W, R735Q, R688Q, and G434V. All the mutant forms exhibited altered binding interactions with the co-substrate 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) and the main substrate in the ferric-superoxo and ferryl complexes, which are critical for catalysis, compared to the wild-type (WT). Importantly, the mutations strongly influence the energetics of the frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and, thereby, the activation energies for the hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) step compared to the WT AspH. Insights from our study can contribute to enzyme engineering and the development of selective modulators for WT and mutants of AspH, ultimately aiding in the treatment of Traboulsi syndrome and CKD.

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Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry