The influence mechanism of bitumen components on its macroscopic and microscopic properties: Analysis based on polyphosphoric acid modification

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In order to investigate the impact of bitumen components on its overall properties, various modified bitumen with 1.0 %PPA or 2.0 %SBS/SBR + 0.6 %PPA were prepared. The influence of PPA dosage on bitumen's physical properties were evaluated, and the macroscopic and microscopic properties of each bitumen sample were characterized by DSR, BBR and atomic force microscopy observation. The components of bitumen were separated through SARA test, and the infrared spectroscopy of asphaltenes was further analyzed. The findings suggest a significant impact on bitumen with PPA incorporation, the elastic recovery properties of bitumen at high temperatures were enhanced due to a more stable colloidal structure was formed by the dispersion and interaction of macromolecular asphaltenes. However, the low-temperature rheological properties of bitumen were impaired by reason of a relatively reduced flowable lightweight component. Specifically, the large asphaltenes clusters were dispersed cause PPA reacted with the –OH bonds of alcohols in bitumen by phosphorylation. By modeling the correlation between bitumen component contents and its microscopic surface parameters, the asphaltenes decomposition was demonstrated to be an important factor on the microscopic morphology, which was also related to the content of saturates and aromatics. Thus, a method for deconstructing bitumen from a compositional perspective is proposed.

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