Performance of optimized composition of epoxy resin adhesive used in High Friction Surface Treatment

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The High Friction Surface Treatment (HFST) paving technique is widely employed in engineering practices globally, serving to enhance the long-term anti-skid performance of pavements. However, there still exist significant gaps in research regarding the modified and optimized composition and corresponding content of the polymer binding materials used in HFST, as well as the performance of the pavements laid with modified and optimized blended aggregates during service. To address these issues, this research first modified and optimized the composition ratio of traditional epoxy resin materials. Subsequently, a toughened, high-flow epoxy bonding system suitable for the maintenance of concrete pavements was prepared. Additionally, the study explored the bonding performance of this system with both the cement base surface and aggregates. The results established that the optimal ratio range for the modified epoxy adhesive system is E51 epoxy resin to curing agent to toughening agent to diluent in the proportions of 100: 30–35: 20–30: 5. The experimental group used a high-flow epoxy resin adhesive ratio of E51 epoxy resin: curing agent: toughener: diluent = 100:30:20:5. For control group 1, the ratio of epoxy resin adhesive was E51 epoxy resin: curing agent = 100:30, and for control group 2, the ratio was E44 epoxy resin: curing agent = 1:1. Compared with control groups 1 and 2, the modified epoxy system with the cement base demonstrated a 149 % increase in average pull-off strength and an 18 % increase in average shear strength. Similarly, in comparison with control groups 1 and 2, the modified epoxy system with aggregates exhibited a 174 % increase in average pull-off strength and a 541 % increase in average shear strength. Based on the pull-off and shear test results, it was ultimately determined that the dosage of modified epoxy binder for HFST mixtures should be controlled at 1.0–1.2 kg/m2, and the dosage of aggregate should be controlled at 3.3–4.3 kg/m2. These findings provide valuable insights into optimizing HFST pavement compositions for improved performance and longevity.

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Case Studies in Construction Materials