Radiomics Nomogram Derived from Gated Myocardial Perfusion SPECT for Identifying Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

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Personalized management involving heart failure (HF) etiology is crucial for better prognoses. We aim to evaluate the utility of a radiomics nomogram based on gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) in distinguishing ischemic from non-ischemic origins of HF. A total of 172 heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) who underwent GMPI scan were divided into training (n = 122) and validation sets (n = 50) based on chronological order of scans. Radiomics features were extracted from the resting GMPI. Four machine learning algorithms were used to construct radiomics models, and the model with the best performances were selected to calculate the Radscore. A radiomics nomogram was constructed based on the Radscore and independent clinical factors. Finally, the model performance was validated using operating characteristic curves, calibration curve, decision curve analysis, integrated discrimination improvement values (IDI), and the net reclassification index (NRI). Three optimal radiomics features were used to build a radiomics model. Total perfusion deficit (TPD) was identified as the independent factors of conventional GMPI metrics for building the GMPI model. In the validation set, the radiomics nomogram integrating the Radscore, age, systolic blood pressure, and TPD significantly outperformed the GMPI model in distinguishing ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) from non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) (AUC 0.853 vs. 0.707, p = 0.038). IDI analysis indicated that the nomogram improved diagnostic accuracy by 28.3% compared to the GMPI model in the validation set. By combining radiomics signatures with clinical indicators, we developed a GMPI-based radiomics nomogram that helps to identify the ischemic etiology of HFrEF.

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Journal of imaging informatics in medicine