Route-Optimized Energy Usage for a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Mode Blending

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


This paper presents a methodology to optimize the blending of charge-depleting (CD) and charge-sustaining (CS) modes in a multi-mode plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The objective of the optimization is to best utilize onboard energy for minimum overall energy consumption based on speed and elevation profile. The optimization reduces overall energy consumption when the selected route cannot be completely driven in all-electric mode. The optimization method splits drive cycles into constant distance segments and then uses a reduced-order model to sort the segments by the best use of battery energy vs. fuel energy. The PHEV used in this investigation is the Stellantis Pacifica. Results support energy savings up to 20% which depend on the route and initial battery State of Charge (SOC). Initial optimization takes 1 second for 38 km and 3 seconds for 154 km.

Publication Title

SAE Technical Papers