Constructions and bounds for codes with restricted overlaps

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Non-overlapping codes have been studied for almost 60 years. In such a code, no proper, non-empty prefix of any codeword is a suffix of any codeword. In this paper, we study codes in which over-laps of certain specified sizes are forbidden. We prove some general bounds and we give several constructions in the case of binary codes. Our techniques also allow us to provide an alternative, elementary proof of a lower bound on non-overlapping codes due to Levenshtein [9] in 1964.

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IEEE Transactions on Information Theory