Fundamental Electron and Potential Relations in Dilute Plasma Flows

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


In this short note, we present some work on investigating electron temperatures and potentials in steady or unsteady dilute plasma flows. The analysis is based on the detailed fluid model for electrons. Ionization, normalized electron number density gradients, and magnetic fields are neglected. The transport properties are assumed as local constants. With these treatments, the partial differential equation for electron temperature degenerates as an ordinary differential equation. Along an electron streamline, fundamental formulas for electron temperature and plasma potential are obtained. These formulas offer significant insights, 1). for steady flow, the electron temperature and plasma potential distributions along an electron streamline include two exponential functions, and the one for plasma potential includes an extra linear distribution function; 2). for unsteady flows, both the temporal and spatical parts include potential functions.

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Plasma Physics