Preparation and performance analysis of polyamide-based rapid repair material for asphalt pavement shallow groove

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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


In order to effectively remedy shallow grooves on asphalt pavements, this study presents an innovative solution, termed Polyamide-based Asphalt Pavement Shallow Groove Rapid Repair Material (PA-SGRRM). This material employs polyamide 6 (PA6) as the matrix resin, in conjunction with polypropylene (PP), ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), and maleic anhydride-grafted polyethylene-octene copolymer (POE-g-MAH). It is manufactured through an extrusion granulation process. At the outset, a molecular dynamics approach was employed to assess the compatibility of the primary constituents and the adhesion between the matrix resin and asphalt, confirming the rationale behind the material selection. Subsequently, the orthogonal experimental design method was utilized to investigate the influence of design parameters (POE-g-MAH content, PP content, and EVA content) on the flexural strength, tensile strength, low-temperature toughness, and melt flow rate of PA-SGRRM. Following this, we prepared samples with the optimal proportions of EVA and POE-g-MAH and conducted a separate analysis to evaluate the impact of PP on the saturated moisture content of PA-SGRRM. Finally, we employed Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to observe the microstructures of the low-temperature fracture surface and ambient temperature tensile fracture surface of the PA-SGRRM and employed Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to deduce the primary chemical reactions occurring within the PA-SGRRM. The results demonstrated that POE-g-MAH played a crucial role in enhancing the compatibility of the simulated hybrid system consisting of PP and PA6. Additionally, it was observed that adhesion between PA6 and asphalt existed, with a gradual decrease as temperature rose. The content of POE-g-MAH and PP were the two primary parameters influencing the performance of PA-SGRRM. POE-g-MAH exerted a significant adverse impact on the flexural strength, tensile strength, and melt flow rate of PA-SGRRM, while substantially improving its low-temperature toughness. The PP positively reduced the water absorption characteristics of PA-SGRRM. Based on the experimental results, the optimal combination of design parameters for PA-SGRRM is recommended.

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Construction and Building Materials