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Department of Physics


Two different temporal sections of a single gamma-ray burst (GRB) must be statistically similar to show an internal gravitational lensing signature. Here, two straightforward gravitational lensing tests are defined and applied: a light curve similarity test and a hardness similarity test. Gravitational millilensing has been claimed to be detected within several individual GRBs that contain two emission episodes separated by a time-delay. However, our analyses indicate that none of those claims satisfy both tests. The hardness similarity test performed on GRB 950830 and GRB 090717A found that the ratio between the second and the first emission episodes in each energy channel differed from the same ratio averaged over all detected energy channels at around 90 per cent confidence level. Also, a light curve similarity test performed on GRB 950830, GRB 090717A, and GRB 200716C separately found that it is unlikely that the two emission episodes in each GRB were drawn from a single parent emission episode for that GRB, with differences at the 3.0σ, 5.84σ, and 9.35σ confidence levels, respectively.

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© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. Publisher’s version of record:

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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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