Thermal and mechanical properties of PEG4000 and PUSSPCMs for thermoregulation of asphalt

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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of polyurethane solid-solid phase change materials (PUSSPCMs) and polyethylene glycol (PEG4000) on the thermoregulatory and rheological properties of asphalt, as well as their potential for regulating asphalt pavement temperature. The chemical and thermodynamic characteristics of PEG4000 and PUSSPCMs were investigated using infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), adsorption test, polarized light microscopy (POM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric (TG), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Meanwhile, the effects of PEG4000 and PUSSPCMs on asphalt road performance and micromorphology were determined by tests of thermoregulation, three major indexes, DSR segregation, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicate that PUSSPCMs have no hydroxyl characteristic peaks of PEG4000 and isocyanate bonds after the complete reaction. PUSSPCMs exhibit better phase stability over PEG4000, the soft segment for thermal storage changes from crystalline to amorphous and is limited by the hard segment micro-region to maintain a stable solid phase. PUSSPCMs exhibit slightly weaker thermal storage properties than PEG4000, while the thermal stability and elastic modulus are stronger. PUSSPCMs-modified asphalt performs lower thermoregulation properties than PEG4000-modified asphalt, which improves with the increasing soft segments. Furthermore, the advantages of PUSSPCMs-modified asphalt are in terms of basic physical, rheological properties and storage stability. The micromorphology of PUSSPCMs-modified asphalt shows no visible cracks compared to PEG4000-modified asphalt and flattens with soft segment rises, which contributes to the thermoregulation and rheological properties of asphalt.

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Construction and Building Materials