Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Tb1.4Dy0.6In compound

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Department of Physics


This work summarizes the magnetic, thermal, magnetocaloric, and electrical transport properties of Tb1.4Dy0.6In and its critical behavior. First, we find that 60% Dy at the 2d (1/3, 2/3, 3/4) lattice sites of Tb2In (hexagonal Ni2In -type (space group- P63/mmc (No. 194))) leads to the formation of Tb1.4Dy0.6In, which undergoes a ferromagnetic transition at 155 K (T1) followed by an antiferromagnetic transition around 75 K (T2). Successive second-order magnetic transitions at T1 and T2 demonstrate a table-like hysteresis-free magnetocaloric effect around natural gas's liquefaction temperature (55–196 K). To understand the efficiency of Tb1.4Dy0.6In as a coolant, various cooling figures of merits such as isothermal entropy change, adiabatic temperature change, relative cooling power, the temperature averaged entropy change, and coefficient of refrigerant performance were determined. Along with the studies of magnetic properties, the critical exponent analysis endorses mean–field model that concord with the indirect long-range RKKY interaction between the rare-earth atoms in Tb1.4Dy0.6In. Furthermore, first-principle calculations indicate that the most hybridized dp states lie below the Fermi energy level and support the second-order magnetic nature of the transition. Overall, this study provides insights into the magnetocaloric properties of Dy-doped Tb2In and highlights its potential as an efficient coolant.

Publication Title

Journal of Alloys and Compounds