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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


The rise of smart factories and warehouses has ushered in an era of intelligent manufacturing, with autonomous robots playing a pivotal role. This study focuses on improving the navigation and control of autonomous forklifts in warehouse environments. It introduces an innovative approach that combines a modified Linear Segment with Parabolic Blends (LSPB) trajectory planning with Model Predictive Control (MPC) to ensure efficient and secure robot movement. To validate the performance of our proposed path-planning method, MATLAB-based simulations were conducted in various scenarios, including rectangular and warehouse-like environments, to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method. The results demonstrated the feasibility of employing Mecanum wheel-based robots in automated warehouses. Also, to show the superiority of the proposed control algorithm performance, the navigation results were compared with the performance of a system using the PID control as a lower-level controller. By offering an optimized path-planning approach, our study enhances the operational efficiency and effectiveness of Mecanum wheel robots in real-world applications such as automated warehousing systems.

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Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Publisher’s version of record:

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