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Department of Biomedical Engineering; Health Research Institute; Institute of Computing and Cybersystems


Background: The cause for the association between increased cardiovascular mortality rates and lower blood pressure (BP) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) is unclear. This study aims to assess how the epicardial coronary flow (ECF) after AVR varies as BP levels are changed in the presence of a right coronary lesion. Methods: The hemodynamics of a 3D printed aortic root model with a SAPIEN 3 26 deployed were evaluated in an in vitro left heart simulator under a range of varying systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). ECF and the flow ratio index were calculated. Flow index value 0.9 for SBP ≥130 mmHg. However, at an SBP of 120 mmHg, the flow ratio was 0.63 (p ≤ 0.0055). With decreasing DBP, no BP condition yielded a flow ratio index that was less than 0.91. Conclusions: Reducing BP to the current recommended levels assigned for the general population after AVR in the presence of coronary artery disease may require reconsideration of levels and treatment priority. Additional studies are needed to fully understand the changes in ECF dynamics after AVR in the presence and absence of coronary artery disease.

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© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Cardiovascular Research Foundation. Publisher’s version of record:

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Structural Heart


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