Effect of geometrical defects on the acoustical transport properties of periodic porous absorbers manufactured using stereolithography

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Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics


Additive manufacturing allows the fabrication of acoustical materials with previously unrealizable micro- and macrostructural complexities. However, the still nascent understanding of various geometrical defects occurring during the additive process remains a barrier to accurately predicting the acoustical behavior of such complex absorbers. In this study, we present the results from our efforts on numerically modeling the absorption behavior of periodic porous absorbers fabricated using the stereolithography (SLA) technique using the hybrid micro-macro multiphysics approach. Specifically, we focus on understanding the role played by the expansion or shrinkage of the solid ligaments during the SLA process on the acoustical properties of the final printed samples. First, the periodic absorbers are modeled using COMSOL multiphysics, where the transport properties are derived using the micro-modeling method and sound absorption behavior using the Johnson-Champoux-Allard-Lafarge-Pride semi-empirical model. Then, results from the expansion study guide the changes in the ligament sizes in the unit cell modeling. Finally, the fabricated samples are tested using an impedance tube, and the measured absorption properties are compared to the a priori numerical predictions. Results indicate that accounting for fabrication defects within the numerical modeling schema can provide reliable sound absorption predictions for additively manufactured porous absorbers.

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Noise Control Engineering Journal