Predicting Transformation Products during Aqueous Oxidation Processes: Current State and Outlook

Document Type


Publication Date



Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


Water quality and its impacts on human and ecosystem health presents tremendous global challenges. While oxidative water treatment can solve many of these problems related to hygiene and micropollutants, identifying and predicting transformation products from a large variety of micropollutants induced by dosed chemical oxidants and in situ formed radicals is still a major challenge. To this end, a better understanding of the formed transformation products and their potential toxicity is needed. Currently, no theoretical tools alone can predict oxidatively induced transformation products in aqueous systems. Coupling experimental and theoretical studies has advanced the understanding of reaction kinetics and mechanisms significantly. This perspective article highlights the key progress made concerning experimental and computational approaches to predict transformation products. Knowledge gaps are identified, and the research required to advance the predictive capability is discussed.

Publication Title

Environmental science & technology