The effect of aerosols on the properties of clouds is a large source of uncertainty in predictions of weather and climate. These aerosol-cloud interactions depend critically on the ability of aerosol particles to form cloud droplets. A challenge in modeling aerosol-cloud interactions is the representation of interactions between turbulence and cloud microphysics. Turbulent mixing leads to small-scale fluctuations in water vapor and temperature that are unresolved in large-scale atmospheric models. To quantify the impact of turbulent fluctuations on cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activation, we used a high-resolution Large Eddy Simulation of a convective cloud chamber to drive particle-based cloud microphysics simulations. We show small-scale fluctuations strongly impact CCN activity. Once activated, the relatively long timescales of evaporation compared to fluctuations causes droplets to persist in subsaturated regions, which further increases droplet concentrations.
Geophysical Research Letters
Anderson Jr., A. T.
Enhancements in Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity From Turbulent Fluctuations in Supersaturation.
Geophysical Research Letters,
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