Department of Biomedical Engineering; Health Research Institute; Institute of Computing and Cybersystems; Joint Center of Biocomputing and Digital Health
Aneurysm hemodynamics is known for its crucial role in the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, there is a lack of well-developed quantitative assessments for disturbed aneurysmal flow. Therefore, we aimed to develop innovative metrics for quantifying disturbed aneurysm hemodynamics and evaluate their effectiveness in predicting the growth status of AAAs, specifically distinguishing between fast-growing and slowly-growing aneurysms. The growth status of aneurysms was classified as fast (≥ 5 mm/year) or slow (< 5 mm/year) based on serial imaging over time. We conducted computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations on 70 patients with computed tomography (CT) angiography findings. By converting hemodynamics data (wall shear stress and velocity) located on unstructured meshes into image-like data, we enabled spatial pattern analysis using Radiomics methods, referred to as "Hemodynamics-informatics" (i.e., using informatics techniques to analyze hemodynamic data). Our best model achieved an AUROC of 0.93 and an accuracy of 87.83%, correctly identifying 82.00% of fast-growing and 90.75% of slowly-growing AAAs. Compared with six classification methods, the models incorporating hemodynamics-informatics exhibited an average improvement of 8.40% in AUROC and 7.95% in total accuracy. These preliminary results indicate that hemodynamics-informatics correlates with AAAs' growth status and aids in assessing their progression.
Characterization of small abdominal aortic aneurysms' growth status using spatial pattern analysis of aneurismal hemodynamics.
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