Defects in yttrium aluminium perovskite and garnet crystals: Atomistic study

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Native and impurity point defects in both yttrium aluminium perovskite (YAP) and garnet (YAG) crystals are studied in the framework of the pair-potential approximation coupled with the shell model description of the lattice ions. The calculated formation energies for native defects suggest that the antisite disorder is preferred over the Frenkel and Schottky-like disorder in both YAP and YAG. The calculated values of the distortion caused by the antisite YAlx in the lattice turn out to be in an excellent agreement with the EXAFS measurements. In non-stoichiometric compounds, the calculated reaction energies indicate that excess Y2O3 or Al2O3 is most likely to be accommodated by the formation of antisites rather than vacancies or interstitials in the lattice. Enthalpies of the reactions for impurity (Ca2+, Mg2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Cr3+, Fe3+, Nd3+, Si4+) incorporation into both YAP and YAG lattices are calculated. The relevant experimental data are discussed. © 2000 IOP Publishing Ltd.

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Journal of Physics Condensed Matter