How real detector thresholds create false standard candles
GRB satellites are relatively inefficient detectors of dim hard bursts. For example, given two bursts of identical peak luminosity near the detection threshold, a dim soft burst will be preferentially detected over a dim hard burst. This means that a high Epeak burst will need a higher peak luminosity to be detected than a low Epeak GRB. This purely detector-created attribute will appear as a correlation between Epeak and luminosity, and should not be interpreted as a real standard candle effect. This result derives from Monte Carlo simulations utilizing a wide range of initial GRB spectra, and retriggering to create a final "detected" sample. In sum, Epeak is not a good standard candle, and its appearance as such in seeming correlations such as the Amati and other Liso vs. Epeak relations is likely a ghost of real energy-related detection thresholds. © 2009 American Institute of Physics.
AIP Conference Proceedings
How real detector thresholds create false standard candles.
AIP Conference Proceedings,
Retrieved from: https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/michigantech-p/8880