Optimized parallel tempering simulations of proteins

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We apply a recently developed adaptive algorithm that systematically improves the efficiency of parallel tempering or replica exchange methods in the numerical simulation of small proteins. Feedback iterations allow us to identify an optimal set of temperatures/replicas which are found to concentrate at the bottlenecks of the simulations. A measure of convergence for the equilibration of the parallel tempering algorithm is discussed. We test our algorithm by simulating the 36-residue villin headpiece subdomain HP-36 where we find a lowest-energy configuration with a root-mean-square deviation of less than 4 Å to the experimentally determined structure. © 2006 American Institute of Physics.

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Journal of Chemical Physics