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Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering


Grouting reinforcement is an important part of modern engineering and has grown in popularity due to the benefits of grouting enhancement on cyclic loading. Understanding the fatigue mechanism of grouting-enhanced structures is vital to the design and the long-term stability analysis of such structures. In this study, the fatigue mechanical properties of cracked cement paste after epoxy resin grouting enhancement under different cyclic conditions were investigated in the laboratory and an inverted S-shaped curve was proposed to describe the damage accumulation. The test results indicated that the fatigue axial deformation can be divided into three stages: the initial stage, constant velocity stage and accelerating stage. The irreversible deformation can be used to describe the damage accumulation. The fatigue process is significantly affected by the upper limit stress level and the stress amplitude. In addition, the exponential relationship between stress amplitude and fatigue life was obtained. The proposed S-shaped curve was validated by an experimental fatigue strain test. The tests result upon various load conditions and crack types represented a good agreement with the predicted data.

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© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

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Applied Sciences

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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