Superconvergence of Discontinuous Galerkin methods based on upwind-biased fluxes for 1D linear hyperbolic equations

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© 2017 EDP Sciences, SMAI. In this paper, we study superconvergence properties of the discontinuous Galerkin method using upwind-biased numerical fluxes for one-dimensional linear hyperbolic equations. A (2k + 1)th order superconvergence rate of the DG approximation at the numerical fluxes and for the cell average is obtained under quasi-uniform meshes and some suitable initial discretization, when piecewise polynomials of degree k are used. Furthermore, surprisingly, we find that the derivative and function value approximation of the DG solution are superconvergent at a class of special points, with an order k + 1 and k + 2, respectively. These superconvergent points can be regarded as the generalized Radau points. All theoretical findings are confirmed by numerical experiments.

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ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis