Comparison of Li-ion battery equivalent circuit modelling using impedance analyzer and Bayesian networks

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© The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2018. An energy storage system simulation requires a battery model capable of precisely predicting the dynamic behaviour and I-V characteristics. An equivalent circuit model (ECM) of a battery generates an electric circuit able to replicate complicated battery characteristics. Combination of time domain and frequency domain tests can be utilised to parameterise ECM components properly. The goal of this study is to discuss two systematic approaches to decide the ECM parameters, which can be replicated on any battery technology. Time and frequency domain testing are carried out on a commercial electric bicycle Liion battery composed of Samsung ICR18650-22P. Then, impedance analyzer approach and Bayesian network method are applied to estimate the ECM circuit elements with different circuit topologies. The models were developed in MATLAB/Simulink environment. A highly dynamic drive cycle based on the E-bike was utilised to validate the ECMs through hardware-in-loop testing.

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IET Electrical Systems in Transportation