Electron and hydrogen transfer in small hydrogen fluoride anion clusters

Document Type


Publication Date



A new stable structure has been found for the anion clusters of hydrogen fluoride. The ab initio method was used to optimize the structures of the (HF)3-, (HF)4-, (HF) 5-, and (HF)6- anion clusters with an excess "solvated" electron. Instead of the well-known "zig-zag" (HF)n- structure, a new form, (HF)n-1F-•••H, was found with lower energy. In this new form, the terminal hydrogen atom in the (HF)n- chain is separated from the other part of the cluster and the inner hydrogens transfer along the hydrogen bonds toward the outside fluoride. The negative charge also transfers from the terminal HF molecule of the chain to the center fluoride atoms. The (HF)n- clusters for n = 4, 5, and 6 have not yet been observed experimentally. These results should assist in the search for these systems and also provide a possible way to study the proton and electron transfer in some large hydrogen bonding systems. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Publication Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry A