Stannous chloride-mediated reductive cyclization - Rearrangement of nitroarenyl ketones

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Cyclization products are produced in excellent yields from using standard reaction conditions for nitroarene reduction to aminoarene with SnCl2. Thus, 4-methyl-2-(2-nitrobenzyl)-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (2b) upon treatment with SnCl2 in ethanol did not produce the expected aniline derivative. Instead, 6-methyl-11a, 12-dihydro-6H-quino[3,2-b][1,4]benzothiazine (3) was produced in excellent yield, presumably via novel Sn (IV)-mediated amidine formation from the initial aniline reduction product. Under identical reaction conditions, 2-(2-nitrophenyl)-thiochroman-4-one (6) produces ethyl 5,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e][1,4]thiazepin-11-ylacetate (7). A novel semipinacol rearrangement is proposed to account for this extensive skeletal rearrangement. Aniline derivative (14) (from 6 treated with FeSO4 · 7H2O) forms 12-ethoxy-11,12-dihydro-6H-6,12-methanodibenzo[b,f][1,5]thiazocine (15) upon treatment with SnCl2 in ethanol. Thiophene analogues of 6 and 14 (18 and 19, respectively) react similarly, forming the analogous thiazepine (20) and cyclic N,O-acetals (21), respectively.

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Journal of Organic Chemistry