Emission reduction using RTP green fuel in industry facilities: A life cycle study

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RTP (rapid thermal processing) green fuel, a biomass-derived pyrolysis liquid, is an environmentally friendly fuel for heat and power production because it is renewable and has very low sulfur content. This paper investigates the expected air emissions, energy demands, and other environmental aspects of a fuel produced from sawmill residues in Eastern Quebec. It shows that as much as 98% greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings is possible relative to a petroleum heavy fuel oil baseline. Most of its energy is derived from renewable biomass as opposed to fossil fuels. Other environmental benefits include lower impacts on human health, ecosystem quality, and fossil resources. Scenario analyses were also conducted to determine responses to model assumptions including different biomass feedstocks, feedstock transport mode and distance, and geographical locations of the pyrolysis process. Although GHG benefits are sensitive to these assumptions, in all cases studied, the savings in GHG emissions are above 70%. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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Energy and Fuels