Purification and Characterization of Rhodobacter sphaeroides Acyl Carrier Protein

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Acyl carrier protein (ACP) has been purified from the facultative phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The ACP preparation was > 95% homogeneous as determined by native and disodium dodecyl sulfate (Na2DodS04)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoreses and N-terminal amino acid analysis. Amino acid compositional analysis revealed that the protein contains approximately 75 amino acids, has a calculated minimum molecular weight of 8700, and lacks the amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan. The presence of the characteristic 4’-phosphopantetheine prosthetic group was indicated by the occurrence of equimolar quantities of β-alanine and taurine in amino acid hydrolysates and was confirmed by independent chemical analysis. The protein displayed a p/ of 3.8 and had a calculated partial specific volume of 0.732 mL/g. The primary structure of the protein has been determined for the first 46 amino acid residues from the N terminus of the molecule, and the region of the molecule encompassing the amino acids from residues 31 to 44 was found to have 100% homology with the identical residues in Escherichia coli ACP. In contrast to E. coli ACP, R. sphaeroides ACP migrated according to its molecular weight during Na2DodS04gel electrophoresis, was resistant to pH-induced denaturation, and comigrated with the cis-vaccenoyl-ACP derivative during native gel electrophoresis, It is proposed that the basis for these properties is the enhanced hydrophobic character of the protein. © 1987, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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