Structure of crystalline interfaces
The structure of crystalline interfaces, as observed by transmission electron microscopy, is reviewed with emphasis on the similarity of grain and interphase boundaries of the dislocation type. Small-angle grain boundaries and low misfit interphase boundaries between similar crystal structures largely condense their mismatch into arrays of interfacial dislocations having Burgers vectors in common with dislocations located in the bulk crystals. Large-angle grain boundaries near certain misorientations corresponding to good fit between the abutting grains contain dislocations with Burgers vectors which are not found in the bulk crystal. Partially coherent interphase boundaries between quite dissimilar crystals, for example, f.c.c. and b.c.c., may also contain such dislocations. Principally, because of the difficulties involved in the acquisition of interfacial dislocations, dislocation interphase boundaries, in particular, usually do not have the minimum energy structure. © Elsevier Science Inc., 1998.
Structure of crystalline interfaces.
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