Constitutive modeling of textured body-centered-cubic (bcc) polycrystals

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A new latent hardening model for body-centered-cubic (bcc) single crystals motivated by the inapplicability of the Schmid law (Critical Resolved Shear Stress Criterion) is presented. This model is based on the asymmetry of shearing resistance of the {112} slip planes depending on the shearing direction in the sense of `twin' and `anti-twin'. For the interpretation of deformation of polycrystalline aggregates depending upon initial texture, a constitutive law for bcc single crystals is developed. This law is based on a rigorous constitutive theory for crystallographic slip that accounts for the effects of strain hardening, rate-sensitivity and thermal softening. The deformation response of textured polycrystal is investigated by means of a Taylor type averaging scheme and an established numerical procedure. Results for textured tungsten polycrystals at low and high strain rates for two different textures [001] and [011] are presented and compared with experimental results. The predictions compare well with experimental observations for the [001] texture. In the [011] texture, due to the reduced symmetry of deformation, lateral tensile stresses develop even under uniaxial compression. These lateral tensile stresses are responsible for observed lack of ductility and transgranular failure in the [011] texture.

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International journal of plasticity