Synthesis of 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-d-ribo- and -l-lyxo-hexofuranoses suitable for nucleoside synthesis
N-Acetylepidaunosamine (3-acetamido-2,3,6-trideoxy-d-ribo-hexopyranose) was converted into the diethyl dithioacetal and this was cyclized with HgCi2, HgO, and MeOH, to give methyl 3-acetamido-2,3,6-trideoxy-α- and -β-d-ribo-hexofuranoside (4 and 5). These anomers were acetylated or (p-nitrobenzoyl)ated, and the esters were subjected to acetolysis, to afford 3-acetamido-1,5-di-O-acetyl-2,3,6-trideoxy-d-ribo-hexofuranose and 3-acetamido-1-O-acetyl-2,3,6-trideoxy-5-O-(p-nitrobenzoyl)-d-ribo-hexofuranose, respectively. Alternatively, compounds 4 and 5 were hydrolyzed to the free bases with barium hydroxide, and these were converted into the trifluoroacetamido derivatives which, on (p-nitrobenzoyl)ation and acetolysis, afforded 1-O-acetyl-2,3,6-trideoxy-5-O-(p-nitrobenzoyl)-3-(trifluoroacetamido)-d-ribo-hexofuranose. To prepare the corresponding daunosamine derivative, 2,3,6-trideoxy-3-(trifluoroacetamido)-l-lyxo-hexopyranose was converted into the diethyl dithioacetal, and this was cyclized in the same way, to afford methyl 2,3,6-trideoxy-3-(trifluoroacetamido)-α- and -β-l-lyxo-hexofuranoside. On (p-nitrobenzoyl)ation and acetolysis, both afforded 1-O-acetyl-2,3,6-trideoxy-5-O-(p-nitrobenzoyl)-3-(trifluoroacetamido)-l-lyxo-hexofuranose. © 1982.
El Khadem, H.,
Synthesis of 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-d-ribo- and -l-lyxo-hexofuranoses suitable for nucleoside synthesis.
Retrieved from: https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/michigantech-p/7219