Neutron scattering measurement of water content and chemical composition of alkali-glass powder reacted gel

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© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Recent studies demonstrated that the added glass powder with high-alumina content could significantly reduce Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) damage in cement concrete. This paper aims to investigate the gel water content, chemical composition and expansion behavior of the alkali-glass powder reacted gel by using neutron scattering and other characterization techniques. Three types of samples were prepared with glass powder, sodium oxide and deuteroxide/hydrogen water with different molar ratios. The swelling potential of this alkali-glass powder reacted gel was much lower than that of the reported alkali-silica reacted gel. The gel water content and chemical compositions were characterized with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique, supported by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), prompt-gamma ray neutron activation analysis (PGAA) measurement. The SAXS test results showed the close scattering intensities, and thus similar internal microstructures among these samples. The elemental molar ratios of gels were obtained from the PGAA test results. Then the gel water molar ratio and mass density were determined by neutron scattering contrast calculation. The determined gel water content from neutron scattering analysis was validated with zero contrast analysis and TGA experimental measurement. Overall, this paper demonstrated the feasibility of using SANS technique to determine the water content of alkali-glass powder reacted gel.

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Materials Characterization